view view [target]
Used alone, this will give you a description of the system you are in. With the optional argument, it will give a long description of the target. If that target is a ship, it will give an estimate of the damage the ship has taken. If you are over level 7 in pilot it will give an estimate of the shield strength of the ship. In short, <view> in ships is very similar to <look> on the ground.